You cannot expect a smiling baby if he/she has rashes on certain areas of body. For overcoming on that itchy problem you should know “common types of baby rashes.”
Unfamiliarity types of baby rashes can cause a lot of barriers in your little one’s expedition in this world.
In this article, you will be able to learn, fundamental information about baby rash and its types, causes, treatment, prevention.
Some daily life tips are also given here that might help you for these uncanny situations.
What are a Baby rash and its types?
“An Erythrogenic type skin reaction on baby skin that appears in the form of blisters or pimples is basically known as Baby Rash. Any part of a baby’s body can get a rash. It depends on the cause of the rash and type of rash. Some commonly infected areas are Skin folds, Diaper area, Face, Neck, Trunk, Arms, Legs, Hands, and also Feet. Few common types of baby rashes can be;
Baby acne– commonly appear on the face
Diaper rash– Due to acidity of baby’s own urine and feces
Cradle cap– Greasy, yellow in color on patches of baby’s skin
Drool rash– Drool means dropping saliva uncontrollably from the mouth. This saliva irritates the skin around mouth and chest
Eczema– skin patches become inflamed and can irritate
Heat rash– blisters due to blockage in sweat glands
Fifth disease– mild rash caused by a virus (parvovirus B-19)
Hives– rashes formed as a reaction to various allergens
Impetigo– red-colored sore on a face that can burst and are very stingy
Some infectious types of rashes include; Chickenpox, Measles, Scarlet fever, Rosella, Thrush.
Causes for baby rashes:
Babies have immature skin and a flourishing immune system. They have less-developed body pores and over-sensitive skin cells. Therefore, their skin is susceptible to common sources of irritation and allergies.
Heat- Exposure to heat will produce more sweat that will get caught in less-developed sweat glands of a baby. Sweat will force itself out in the form of gas bubbles beneath the skin and form air pockets.
Allergies- If your baby’s skin becomes hypersensitive to any allergic source like any particular food, dust, pollen, and fur. Their skin will get rough and leathery due to frequent exposure.
Friction- Parts of the body where skin folds like armpits are susceptible to rashes because of friction. Friction produces heat that will produce sweat.
Chemicals- Contact with any chemical substance can also cause a rash on an infant’s developing skin. It is also known as allergic contact dermatitis by doctors.
Fragrance- Fragrance ingredients can also cause rashes. Commonly these are non-allergic reactions. However, once developed, it can become a life-long allergic condition on exposure to such ingredients.
Fabrics- Tight-fitting fabrics made of synthetics like nylon, polyester, rayon, or rubber can bring on a rash. It is known as textile dermatitis. Moreover, tight clothing will produce sweat that can irritate your baby’s skin.
Dampness- When temperature increases accompanied by moisture. It is when rubbing in skin folds can cause a rash. It is also known as Intertrigo.
Other causes- If diapers are not changed when required, your baby’s own feces or urine will irritate his/her skin and cause a rash. Rashes can also be caused by viral and bacterial infections.
How to get rid of the baby rash and is the treatment different for all?
All types of common rashes have treatment with a little distinction. Some also do not require any treatment as they go away after a period. However, infectious rashes sometimes require antibiotics or antiviral medication.
Rashes like baby acne go away by themselves after or within a few days or weeks. Cradle cap can be treated by washing the baby’s head after a gentle scrubbing of any topical oil, like coconut oil.
Various infectious rashes resolve by their own. Sometimes they might need evaluation by a pediatrician for proper treatment.
Some very common rashes can affect your baby more than once due to improper routine or immature treatment. Diaper rash, Drool rash, eczema are the three most common rashes of such type.
- Diaper rash treatment:
It is the most common type of baby rash. The acidic nature of feces and urine can irritate a baby’s skin. A diaper also holds heat and moisture that is agitating at times.
Some daily life remedies are a frequent change of diaper, avoid the use of pre-packed wipes to wipe because they contain alcohol and chemicals, and use of barrier cream which should not be wiped off every time.
You should wash your hands before and after a diaper change. It will not cause a rash to become infectious. Baby’s diet with less acidic foods will also prove beneficial.
2. Eczema treatment:
Eczema is usually caused due to an over-reactive response to an irritant by the body’s immune system. It is common in families having a history of skin allergies and asthma.
Its main causes include sensitivity to food, fabrics, detergent residues, or any other irritant. Therefore, its main remedy is to identify the allergic reason and eliminate the source.
Keeping the infected area clean and dry and avoid using counter creams and ointment. Oatmeal baths are helpful in eczema treatment.
3. Drool rash treatment:
Drool rash is a very common baby. Teething and salivary glands are developing in a baby hence, it is not unconventional for a baby to have drool on his/her face. Drool rash usually gets away on its own.
If your baby has drool rash do not scrub his/her face only pat to wipe it. Use warm water but avoid soap. Make sure your baby wears a bib to constrain the flow. Reduce the use of pacifiers if possible. Always wipe the face gently.
4. Newborn rash on face treatment:
The underlying skin is always normal in these babies and this rash gets away on its own. Apply a cool cloth to soothe if required.
Are these rashes preventable?
Undoubtedly baby rashes are common but still there are some precautionary measures are available that you can adopt to help your baby to avoid this uncanny condition.
Most of the prevention can be adopted by just correcting your daily life routine.
- The most basic is to keep your baby’s skin clean and dry.
- Frequent diaper changes when necessary are always important.
- Avoid immature laundry routine and use detergents formulated for babies.
- Usage of lotions, ointments, soaps made for babies is best.
- Dress your baby according to the weather and temperature conditions.
- Tight clothes or clothes made of synthetics are not ideal for a baby.
- Make sure to keep your baby’s vaccination schedule up-to-date.
- Keep an eye on any allergic reaction to supplements or food and avoid using it again.
- Strangers or individuals having any symptoms of infection should not be allowed to kiss or hold your baby to avoid the transfer of infection.
When to see a doctor?
In very rare cases there is a need to visit a doctor, but if you see any other symptoms along with rashes such as a fever or your baby becomes extra cranky. It is better to visit your child’s doctor.
If the rash does not go away or causes more irritation or the rash spreads; If your baby undergoes any neurological disorder, light sensitivity, or uncontrollable shaking etc. It is a medical emergency and is known as meningitis.
Some frequently asked questions:
Is there any particular vaccine for a baby rash?
A vaccine is for infection or diseases that require anti-bodies to help your body’s immune system. The baby rash does not have any anti-bodies hence, no vaccine. However, following your baby’s usual vaccine schedule will help his/her immune system to develop quickly.
Does baby rash spread through the air?
The baby rash does not spread through the air because it is not a viral infection. It is better to not let your baby come in contact with an infected person.
How to identify baby rash?
Almost all types of baby rash appear in the form of blisters or pimples that are mostly red in color. Infected areas or patches of skin get inflamed in worst cases.
Is it right to avoid the baby rash and let it complete its period?
It is no big deal. But it’s the babies we are talking about. We do not want our baby to feel any sort of irritation or pain. Every parent/caregiver will make sure it never happens.
Therefore, it is better to adapt to prevention if your baby is not infected. Seek advice from a medical specialist according to the situation or use above mentioned treatments to help your little one pass this anxious situation.
A rash can make your baby grumpy and difficult to handle at the time. It is also not an ideal situation for you. Good thing is that all types of baby rash usual and easily treatable.
If you are not able to determine the cause of the rash then contact or visit your child’s doctor to help you find the cause and eliminate it.
If you want to keep your baby safe from any kind of skin infection, then make sure to keep his/her skin clean and dry. It will help eradicate any extra chances of your baby getting a rash.